Are sourcing or disposal constraints forcing you to recycle produced water? Let Orion be your quarterback

Orion has dissolved air floatation (DAF) units ready to turn your produced water into a FRAC-READY-FLUID™

A flood of water in the desert? Before the frac boom started in 2010 that would’ve sounded absurd.

Now you may be among the many producers finding that it is vital to recycle produced water for use in fracturing—because SWD facilities are more crowded than Highway 191 at 5:00.

Now you may be among the many producers finding that it is vital to recycle produced water for use in fracturing—because SWD facilities are more crowded than Highway 191 at 5:00.

And using produced water is not that simple. Produced water chemistry is complex and ever-changing. For that reason, it’s more challenging to use produced water than fresh water for fracturing. Produced water must be treated. But what is the right treatment? Can you test your water, set the treatment and forget it?

No.

Maybe you’re looking for a company to quarterback your recycle program—to make sure your water treatment and frac chemistry are compatible, to test and plan for scaling tendencies and to monitor and adjust to changing conditions during the frac.

Orion Water Solutions is ready to be the all-star you can count on. They’ve treated hundreds of millions of barrels of produced water, so they have the expertise and equipment to manage your water treatment program from flowback all the way to the next completion.

Because they understand how quickly the composition of incoming produced water can change, as new wells and older wells take turns feeding the system, they constantly monitor that water—and adjust to keep output at specs.

Here are the top treatment issues and the single answer to all of them:

  • If you have a pond that’s turning septic
  • If you want to use produced water but think it’s too expensive…
  • If you want to be sure your blend of waters won’t cause scale problems…
  • If you want to know that every drop of the chemical additives you paid for in your frac package was delivered at the right dosage and sent down hole as designed…
  • Call Orion!

Are you getting the reports that prove your fluid chemistry is right throughout every stage? Orion gives you the data you need to know it’s right.

Orion’s people understand that treating your water is all about maximizing your production at the lowest possible cost and risk. They look at every day as an opportunity to partner with you to improve the process and get the best outcome for you and your company. You’ve called them to quarterback your produced water recycle program and Orion’s people are ready to make sure the results are exactly what you need.

It’s more than chemicals

In addition to chlorine dioxide and other proven chemical treatments, Orion Water Solutions uses portable dissolved air flotation (DAF) units to remove and condense sludge so it is easily disposed of.

Call Orion today at (432) 219-8100 and put the water treatment specialists to work for you.


Orion Water Solutions: Proper biocide combination treats all bacteria in produced water

Real-time, on-site testing allows Orion technicians to constantly adjust treatments to assure the best outcomes at all times. Call Orion at 432-219-8100 .

You were sure your first bacteria treatment was enough, during the completion process. Bacteria were all destroyed.

Then you started seeing bacteria-caused problems such as Iron Sulfide, H2S and more.

What happened?

Frac water treatment should include two types of biocides, says Orion Water Solutions President Warren Sumner. And when biocides are chosen by their compatibility with other frac fluids, the resulting bacteria control and frac results are even better.

“ClO2 is great as a shock treatment,” Sumner explains. “It kills harmful bacteria quickly and very cost-effectively right up front.”

“But,” he adds, “Sometimes you need a preservative biocide to go with it.”

“ClO2 is like an initial air assault, and preservative biocides are the troops that kill anything that snuck in after the initial assault.”

So why not use only preservative biocide? Because they often cannot act fast enough and are not cost effective for shock treatment on water with high bacteria counts.

Orion Water Solutions technicians monitor water conditions at the start and along the way apply the best and most cost-effective treatments at all stages.

“There is no single ‘set and forget’ treatment regimen,” Sumner says. “Just as there is no one way to frac every well. If your frac water is coming from multiple sources, including freshwater wells or a collection of producing wells, the levels of bacteria and solids will vary. There’s no need to waste money over-treating when levels are low, but when levels rise, you don’t want to risk the productivity of the well by under-treating.

Orion’s data is real-time—not dependent on offsite labs and “bug bottle” results that take weeks. This allows them to make treatment adjustments on the fly and in time to maximize efficacy and minimize production problems.

And there’s another component Orion’s onsite teams monitor—the compatibility of chemicals in the frac fluid itself.

“Some of these chemicals don’t play well together,” Sumner states. “The wrong combination can reduce the effectiveness of the biocide, the friction reducer, or both. Given all the data we collect and analyze, our teams can prevent these issues.”

There’s a third issue: collateral damage. “So many wells are drilled so close together, it’s not uncommon for the fracturing of one well to affect the production in a nearby producing well,” Sumner points out. “It can be the same with untreated bacteria. Communication between wells can cause untreated or undertreated bacteria to be pumped from one well into another—and that well could be yours or someone else’s if the wells are at the edge of a lease. It’s almost like coughing in someone’s face, except more expensive,” says Sumner.

Orion’s team of experts can make sure their biocide treatments do the job at the right level and the right cost while maintaining compatibility with other completion fluids.

This gives their clients the best of all possible wells. Call Orion this week to put them to work at your completion sites.

Call us at (432) 219-8100.


Orion’s people want to meet you and show you how they’ll treat your water

Consistent treated-water quality requires constant monitoring by dedicated, customer-oriented operators—like Orion’s. Call Orion Water Solutions’ Midland office at 432-219-8100.

“I want to meet your people first—before I decide if you’re the company to treat my produced water.” That’s the most common response Orion Water Solutions President Warren Sumner hears when speaking with a potential client. He explains, “Too many producers have been burned by water treatment companies that take shortcuts, don’t communicate, and whose people are mostly there to make a buck.”

Not that Orion isn’t in business to—well, stay in business—but here’s what one of their managers says about how to treat clients.

“The biggest challenge for our customers across the board is in really understanding what chlorine dioxide is doing and what it doesn’t do,” says Field Supervisor Omar Hinojos. Results are not always visible in the water itself.

“That goes with customer education, so they understand, when we show them the numbers (from QA testing), what exactly it’s telling them.”

In produced water, for example, there are total suspended solids (TSS), bacteria, iron, and other contaminants, which do give the water a murky look. But Orion’s dissolved air floatation (DAF) units do a good job of removing those things, so the work they’ve done is obvious. Treating fresh water, on the other hand, usually focuses on killing bacteria, so it’s harder to judge the results until later. Orion’s system operators show clients before-and-after test results so they understand what effect the treatment had.

Another thing that separates Orion from the pack, says Hinojos, is the feeling of cooperation. This spirit is not just among coworkers, it spills over into their interaction with clients. “We’re not just here (on site) to sample water and run chemicals,” he continues. “We’re there to provide service to the client.” Clients have told Hinojos that Orion’s customer service surpasses that of most of its competitors.

Sumner points out that close vigilance is the price of clean water—and that’s what customer service is all about. Most systems collect produced water from a number of wells, and the contaminant levels are changing all the time. The only way for Omar and his team to meet the goal of providing consistent water quality is to constantly test the water and adjust the treatment as needed, Omar says.

Adding a new well to the system or taking an old well off production can cause the most radical changes in water chemistry, but Orion’s real-time analytics and well-trained operators can stay ahead of the changes.

So now that you’ve met two of Orion’s people—Omar and Warren—what do you think? They’re definitely ready to meet you and show you how they’ll turn your wastewater into a resource!

Call us today at (432) 219-8100.


Is bigger always better when starting a water re-use program?

Orion Water Solutions’ Permian Basin team, which in-cludes Hunter Waters, Phillip Ward and Kenneth Law-rence, is ready to help your company save thousands by treating and recycling produced water. Call them at 432-219-8100.

More and more producers are replacing fresh water with treated produced water in fracture stimulation and
in other applications. When invoking best practices in the treatment process, this is a great idea. It can save money while lessening the ever-increasing competition for fresh water.

Orion Water Solutions President Warren Sumner offers some pointers on how to keep costs in line while still reducing total suspended solids (TSS), iron, and bacteria to acceptable levels.

Big is okay but smaller is often better.

“While many operators are building produced-water pits that will hold a million barrels of water or more, there are several reasons smaller may be better,” Sumner says.

“We are seeing operators build smaller in-ground pits with built-in aeration, chemical injection, and solids removal. This is one of the best things you can do to lower the cost and increase the performance of your treatment pro-gram.” Smaller pits are easier to keep clean and chemically stable. “By using the pit as a pre-treatment step, it makes it easier for companies like Orion to treat high volumes of water that consistently meet frac fluid specifications.”

“Produced water has large amounts of iron, sulfates and other food for bacteria. Any size pit can go septic quickly, but the larger ones are more costly to maintain and very difficult to bring under control when things go bad.” The best plan is to keep the water aerated and circulated.

Mobile units get up and running quickly Increasingly, operators are borrowing a page from just-in-time manufacturing techniques. “Many operators are using smaller pits or above ground storage tanks to store enough treated water for a day or two’s requirements, as needed for current frac jobs.”

To supply those tanks Orion offers dissolved air floatation (DAF) units capable of treating from 10,000 to 25,000 BBL/D. These units can be set up quickly, can be easily moved as water volumes on a site fluctuate, and have a compact footprint so multiple units can be linked to treat 100,000 bbl/day or more.

Blending fresh and produced water keeps cost down.

One cost-effective solution is to treat 20,000 BBL/D of produced water and blend it with 30,000 BBL/D of fresh water to make 50,000 bbl/d of frac fluid. “This blend helps operators stay within certain parameters in order to keep frac chemical prices under control,” Sumner says. “For example, total dissolved solids levels under 45,000 ppm allow a producer to use less costly friction reducers.”

Where needed, the company employs its extensive experience in offering oxidative biocides during frac jobs.

Orion’s systems have proven their reliability in the field. More than one system has been in operation 24/7 for five years. Onsite, Orion uses remote monitoring and automation to provide operators the data they need to make informed water treatment decisions.

Orion’s Midland team brings their expertise and dedication to excellence to every job, including yours. Call them this week and let them help you optimize your water treatment.

Call us today at (432) 219-8100.


What happens when dilution is no longer the solution?

Wait for it—wait for it—it may take a couple of days to optimize the treatment process, due to the varying nature of produced water, but the result leads to useful and economical water for fracturing or other uses. Call Orion at 432-219-8100.

In the Book of Genesis, God created water on the second day. It was clean and simple then.

A whole lot of years later, Oil Man created produced water and it’s been really complicated—and pretty contaminated—since then.

In the early days of using produced water to frac wells, dilution was the solution to the cost and complexity of removing difficult contaminants. But freshwater scarcity and increasing frac water demand are driving operators to use higher percentages of produced water, and problems can no longer be diluted away.

As operators start to blend more than 20 to 40 percent produced water with fresh water for use as a frac fluid, iron, bacteria, and other problem-causers must be reduced, and that involves a more capable treatment process than simple dilution.

Orion Water Solutions’ Warren Sumner lists some of the specific things to be aware of when rolling out a produced water treatment program.

  1. Produced water chemistry changes a lot over the first few days of production. Frac fluids, frac sand and other injected chemicals start off in high concentrations, then begin to thin out. The first couple of wellbores of water are not typical and are better disposed of than treated.
  2. Water chemistry in a gathering line can fluctuate significantly when newer wells come online. These changes must be monitored continuously to adjust the treatment and meet specifications before the water is sent downhole. Because no two wells or systems are alike, real-time analytics are important for success.
  3. The higher the concentration of produced water to fresh water, the more critical your treatment system becomes. In some parts of the Midland and Delaware Basins, iron ranges from 100 to 200 parts per million, which is 10 to 20 times what most frac packages can tolerate. A high-performance system like Dissolved Air Floatation (DAF) can take that contaminated water and make it useful as a frac fluid without any dilution. Best of all, treatment usually costs less than what operators are paying for fresh water, and every barrel re-used is a barrel that does not have to go down a disposal well.

Orion Water Solutions has the expertise and tools to get you the water quality you need, no matter what components—bacteria, iron, suspended solids, H2S, sulfates, or anything else—are in the incoming water.

Just a little patience can turn your produced water into a useful and economical frac fluid in any field or formation.

Call us today at (432) 219-8100.


The right biocide mix can save you from a zombie apocalypse

Real-time, on-site testing allows Orion technicians to constantly adjust treatments to assure the best outcomes at all times. Call Orion at (432) 219-8100.

You were sure your first bacteria treatment was enough, during the completion process. Bacteria were all destroyed.

Then you started seeing bacteria-caused problems such as scale, H2S and more. Did those dead bacteria come back to life?

Well, no. But it’s important to realize that frac water treatment should include two types of biocides, says Orion Water Solutions President Warren Sumner. And when biocides are chosen by their compatibility with other frac fluids, the resulting bacteria control and frac results are even better.

“ClO2 is great as a shock treatment,” Sumner explains. “It kills harmful bacteria quickly and very cost-effectively right up front.”

“But,” he adds, “sometimes you need a preservative biocide to go with it.”

“ClO2 is like an initial air assault, and preservative biocides are the troops that kill anything that snuck in after the initial assault.”

So why not use only preservative biocide? Because they often cannot act fast enough and are not cost effective for shock treatment on water with high bacteria counts.

Orion Water Solutions technicians monitor water conditions at the start and along the way apply the best and most cost-effective treatments at all stages.

“There is no single ‘set and forget’ treatment regimen,” Sumner says. “Just as there is no one way to frac every well. If your frac water is coming from multiple sources, including freshwater wells or a collection of producing wells, the levels of bacteria and solids will vary. There’s no need to waste money over-treating when levels are low, but when levels rise, you don’t want to risk formation damage by undertreating.

Orion’s data is real-time—not dependent on offsite labs and “bug bottle” results that take weeks. This allows them to make treatment adjustments on the fly and in time to maximize efficacy and minimize production problems.

And there’s another component Orion’s onsite teams monitor—the compatibility of chemicals in the frac fluid itself.

“Some of these chemicals don’t play well together,” Sumner states. “The wrong combination can reduce the effectiveness of the biocide, the friction reducer, or both. Given all the data we collect and analyze, our teams can prevent these issues.”

There’s a third issue—which is collateral damage. “So many wells are drilled so close together, it’s not uncommon for the fracturing of one well to affect the production in a nearby producing well,” Sumner points out. “It can be the same with untreated bacteria. Communication between wells can cause untreated or undertreated bacteria to be pumped from one well into another—and that well could be yours or someone else’s if the wells are at the edge of a lease. It’s almost like coughing in someone’s face, except more expensive,” says Sumner.

Orion’s team of experts can make sure their biocide treatments do the job at the right level and the right cost while maintaining compatibility with other completion fluids.

This gives their clients the best of all possible wells. Call Orion this week to put them to work at your completion sites.

Call us today at (432) 219-8100.


Here’s the truth about chlorine dioxide in water treatment

REALITY SHOW properly generated and dosed, chlorine dioxide is highly effective, fast acting and patently safe to people and frac iron, says Orion’s Gary Griesenbeck. Call Orion Water Solutions to learn more at 432-219-8100.

With the growth in use of chlorine dioxide as a biocide in the treatment of frac water, there has been an equal growth in certain myths about ClO2 in regards to safety and alleged corrosiveness.

Orion Water Solutions’ Warren Sumner says ClO2 is much more effective and fast-acting than traditional biocides, and that the myths are not true with proper preparation and injection.

Myth #1: Chlorine Dioxide is Dangerous. Untrue, when properly handled. There are two main methods of generating ClO2 in the field—the two-precursor method and the three-precursor method.

In the two-precursor method, concentrated sulfuric acid and Purate™, a patented blend containing sodium chlorate, are pumped into a mixing chamber in carefully controlled amounts.

The three-precursor method uses 15 percent hydrochloric acid, bleach, and sodium chlorite. This method is commonly used in municipal drinking water plants for its effectiveness and safety.

Here’s the key: instead of pumps, Orion uses an eductor and the venturi effect to create suction to draw the three precursors into the mixing chamber.

Why is this important? This way, ClO2 only flows into the pipe when water is flowing, to dilute it to a safe level and keeps control of the blend ratio between the three precursors.

This keeps the CLO2 at a safe and stable concentration of less than 3,000 ppm, and proper mix ratios assure that there’s no excess chlorine.

Plus, chemical lines whose flow is activated by suction instead of pressure are less likely to spring a leak and are less susceptible to being mixed incorrectly upon pump failure.

One method of making ClO2 should never be used in the oil patch. It uses “dry” sodium chlorite which is highly reactive. Mis-handling of this product was linked to an oilfield fatality awhile back.

Myth #2: Chlorine Dioxide is Corrosive to frac iron. ClO2 is less corrosive than an equally effective amount of bleach or peroxide.

ClO2 is used in many municipal applications instead of chlorine. When properly dosed and monitored, says Orion’s SVP of Operations and Technology, Gary Griesenbeck, the ClO2 residual, at the blender, is typically 1 – 4 ppm. That is only a few ppm higher than what is used in municipal plants that treat drinking water for public consumption. Because Orion closely monitors ClO2 levels, it is highly unlikely that any measurable corrosion could be attributed to ClO2.

ClO2 is less corrosive than many of the substances it treats—such as produced water containing high chloride levels, acid producing bacteria, sulfate-reducing bacteria, hydrogen sulfide, iron sulfide and more.

Sumner adds, “We’ve treated millions of barrels with ClO2 across many different pressure pumpers and not one has ever said our ClO2 was inducing corrosion in their frac iron.”

ClO2’s advantages are many. Precision dosing based on real-time feedback limits the amount of chemical used to only what is needed and enables dosage adjustments when water quality changes on the job.

Risk/Reward: ClO2 when properly handled, as Orion does, makes the risk almost non-existent, but the rewards are many: better treatment, less chemical used (reduced cost) and cleaner wells.

Call us today at (432) 219-8100.


Orion Water answers top three frequently asked questions

Within the next two years, experts believe, the Permian well count will expand to the point that they produce more than 10 million barrels of water per day. Let Orion Water Solutions help you get ahead of the flood. Call them at 432-219-8100.

Every day the interest increases in recycling and treating produced water for fracturing use. With this growing interest comes a lengthening list of questions. Here Orion Water Solutions President Warren Sumner answers the three questions new clients ask most often.

How much does it cost to treat a barrel of produced water?

While there is not a simple, one-number-covers-all answer, there are some clear parameters. Newer fracturing methods require less treatment than before, treatment methods themselves are simpler and more effective and more water is being treated than ever before. Nine years ago water companies were treating 2,500 barrels a day and operators wanted them to turn produced water into potable water.

Now operators are asking for 50,000 barrels a day and more, and the treatment standards have relaxed. Economies of scale and less demanding treatment have brought costs down to where treating a barrel of produced water costs less than buying a barrel of fresh water. And it has the added benefit that any produced water that can be re-used does not incur the additional cost of injection into a disposal well.

How clean does the water need to be?

Frac chemistry has evolved, making it much easier to use produced water as a frac fluid. Today the industry focuses on controlling oil and grease, bacteria, iron and suspended solids in most situations. Bacteria are always undesirable, feeding on the other contaminants. By eliminating bacteria from every fluid that goes downhole and also targeting its food sources, treatment is more successful at keeping the well clean and avoiding costly production problems.

Operators have different standards when it comes to iron and suspended solids, but many are starting to realize that even 5 ppm of iron can cause iron sulfide problems in storage ponds if not managed properly. Any operator that has paid to clean a pond full of iron sulfide sludge will admit that it’s cheaper to keep it clean than to let contamination grow unabated.

What technology do you use?

Orion is a solutions company, rather than a single technology provider. They use advanced chemistry, real-time analytics and high-performance separation equipment to deliver the right solution for each situation. To control bacteria, Orion uses both oxidative and conventional biocides. Oxidative biocides like chlorine dioxide provide a quick kill, allowing precise dosage by using the right equipment. Conventional biocides can provide longer lasting killing power and be a good compliment to oxidative biocides.

Real-time analytics ensure proper dosage of the chemicals Orion delivers in their frac-ready-fluid™ service. Solids removal is the art of any treatment process since solids transport and disposal can be a significant part of the overall cost of the process. Orion uses dissolved air floatation, plate clarifiers, and high-capacity filtration to remove and de-water solids to reduce operating costs.

Experts believe that, within a couple of years, the Permian will have more than 10 million barrels per day of produced water flowing from its wells. Orion wants to help operators prepare for the coming flood of produced water by putting together a cost-effective recycling program today.

Call us today at (432) 219-8100.


Orion Water Solutions offers DAF units for super-efficient sludge removal from produced water

Producers in the Permian Basin and elsewhere are excited about the fact that Orion Water Solutions is now offering com-pact, cost-effective DAF systems for removal of sludge, iron, oil and BOD. Compared to traditional units, the DAF creates a more compact sludge, saving operators money by reducing the number of waste-hauling trips needed. To learn more, contact Orion Water Solutions at 432-219-8100.

One of the most expensive aspects of recycling produced water involves removing and disposing of sludge. Conventional methods usually involve as much cost to get rid of sludge as to treat the water.

This is why a growing number of producers in Texas, and specifically the Permian Basin, are excited about Orion Water Solutions offering Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) units in addition to their chlorine dioxide biocides.

A DAF uses a powerful combination of chemistry and bubbles to effectively remove up to 95 percent of Total Suspended Solids (TSS) from produced water. Bubbling action not only removes solids, but it also thickens them, making a more concentrated sludge. This means fewer truck trips to the disposal location—meaning more savings for producers.

This process takes ugly, murky, produced water and turns it into clear brine. When the DAF is combined with Orion’s highly effective chlorine dioxide treatment for bacteria, the water is ready to accept sand, gel and other frac fluids and go back to work in fracturing the next round of producing wells.

The bubbles do the heavy lifting, bringing oxidized iron and suspended solids to the surface where they can be easily be skimmed off to leave clear water below. These bubbles are especially good at removing fine particles that might pass through weir tanks and overwhelm bag filters.

In the process, a DAF reduces biological oxygen demand (BOD), which is one of the food sources for bacteria. So your water storage impoundment stays fresher for longer.

Another challenge that comes with produced water is oil and grease, and a DAF does a better job of separating oil and grease than conventional floc and drop methods, keeping it out of your next frac.

Because Orion’s DAF units treat up to 20,000 barrels per day, they are effective for almost any size installation. Their small, trailer-mounted footprint makes them economical to operate and easy to place on any location. It also means the units can be easily moved whenever necessary, especially compared to traditional multi-module systems that include settling tanks and other equipment.

If you’re ready to boost efficiency and reduce costs on TSS, iron, oil and BOD removal from produced water, call Orion Water Solutions this week.

Call us today at (432) 219-8100.


Consistency is key for barbecue and for produced water treatment

Careful testing and control on a 24/7 basis is Orion Water Solutions’ recipe for consistent water treatment success. Call them at 432-219-8100 to put that consis-tency to work in your water systems.

Orion Water Solutions adjusts treatments to keep output consistent as water quality changes

By Warren Sumner, President Orion Water Solutions

Do you have a favorite barbecue place? One that for sure, every time you go there, you know that brisket will be falling-apart tender and the smoky flavor will be bursting forth all the way through every bite? Or does your place sometimes have a bad day, where the meat just doesn’t meet your standards? After all, a lot of folks can cook brisket, but how many can put out great product every single day?

Treating produced water is a lot like barbecue—you’ve got to stay on it all the time to make sure what comes out is just what the customer is expecting. So that’s what we do, whether we’re running a mobile unit to follow the frac spread or we’re operating a fixed facility to supply a large field.

More and more producers are looking to economize their produced water re-use program by using a hub-and-spoke configuration to aggregate produced water, treat it at a central battery, then send it back out for frac jobs and work overs with a booster treatment before it goes down hole.

You may well imagine that, just like a restaurant’s brisket supply, the water chemistry from producing wells that flow into a treatment system changes rapidly over time. New wells come on, existing wells’ chemistry changes over their lifetimes, wells go offline for repairs—you get the picture.

Plus, it’s surprising how little mixing happens as water from various sources flows through pipes and in-and-out of tanks. After hours in the system there will still be clearly defined layers of water with varying chemistry!

So it’s very apparent that just because a water treatment company promises they can meet your standards does not mean they can do it day in and day out as conditions change.

I’ve noticed that the best barbecue joints are really careful about controlling their smoking process. At one of our projects, we’ve been treating water for a major 24/7 at a central battery for more than five years, and we’ve had opportunity to con-tinually improve our process through advanced data capture and analysis, and implementing new ideas with the customer. We’ve built everything we’ve learned into our monitoring and treatment procedures, so we’re giving you a product that meets your expectations day after day, regardless of what changes are happening in the field.

Proper water treatment reduces waste and can provide a frac fluid that is more compatible with the formation, both of which will improve any producer’s bottom line. Let us know how we can help, whether you’re starting a new water treatment program or you’re unhappy with the one you have.

Call us at (432) 219-8100